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Egyptian Dynasties

 

Life was often chaotic in ancient Egypt, and many times it was overrun by armies from other lands. Its history was often sketchy, too, and exact dates when a ruler reigned or even when events happened are not always known...precisely.

Pick up five different books on ancient Egypt and you may find five different dates for the reigns of early pharaohs. In fact, dates up to 663 B.C. are only approximate and based on the best guesses of many different researchers.

Dates provided by three different books are reported below to give you a sense of the variation possible. (Dates in Column 1 were taken from Ikram and Dodson's The Mummy in Ancient Egypt; dates in Column 2 were taken from Silverman's Ancient Egypt; and dates in Column 3 were taken from Clayton's Chronicle of the Pharaohs.)

Here are the main time periods (and dynasties) in ancient Egyptian history:

Time Period

Dates according to these authors:

Dynasty

Ikram/Dodson

Silverman

Clayton

Early Dynastic Period

3150 - 3050 B.C.

3100 - 3000 B.C. 3150 - 3050 B.C.

O

3050 - 2813 B.C.

3000 - 2800 B.C. 3050 - 2890 B.C.

1

2813 - 2663 B.C.

2800 -2675 B.C. 2890 - 2686 B.C.

2

Old Kingdom

2663 - 2597 B.C.

2675 - 2625 B.C.

2686 - 2613 B.C.

3

2597 - 2471 B.C.

2625 - 2500 B.C

2613 - 2498 B.C.

4

2471 - 2355 B.C.

2500 - 2350 B.C.

2498 - 2345 B.C.

5

2355 - 2195 B.C.

2350 - 2170 B.C.

2345 - 2181 B.C.

6

First Intermediate Period

2195 - 2160 B.C.

2170 - 2130 B.C.

2181 - 2160 B.C.

7 & 8
2160 - 2040 B.C. 2130 - 1980 B.C. 2160 - 2040 B.C. 9 & 10

  Middle Kingdom

2160 - 1994 B.C. 2081 - 1938 B.C. 2134 - 1991 B.C. 11
1994 - 1781 B.C. 1938 - 1759 B.C. 1991 - 1782 B.C. 12
1781 - 1650 B.C. 1759 - after 1630 B.C. 1782 - 1650 B.C. 13 & 14

Second Intermediate Period

1650 - 1535 B.C. 1630 - 1523 B.C. 1663 - 1555 B.C. 15 & 16
1650 - 1549 B.C. 1630 - 1539 B.C. 1663 - 1570 B.C. 17

New Kingdom

1549 - 1298 B.C. 1539 - 1292 B.C. 1570 - 1293 B.C. 18
1298 - 1187 B.C. 1292 - 1190 B.C. 1293 - 1185 B.C. 19
1187 - 1069 B.C. 1190 - 1075 B.C. 1185 - 1070 B.C. 20

Third Intermediate Period

1064 - 940 B.C. 1075- 945 B.C. 1069 - 945 B.C. 21
948 - 743 B.C. 945 - 712 B.C. 945 - 715 B.C.

22

743 - 715 B.C. 838 - 712 B.C. 818 - 715 B.C. 23
731 - 717 B.C. 727 - 712 B.C. 727 - 715 B.C.   24
752 - 656 B.C. 760 - 656 B.C. 747 - 656 B.C. 25

Late Period

                 664 - 525 B.C. 26
525 - 424 B.C.

525 - 405 B.C.

525 - 404 B.C. 27
404 - 399 B.C. 409 - 399 B.C. 404 - 399 B.C. 28

399 - 380 B.C.

29
380-342 B.C.

381-343 B.C.

380-343 B.C. 30
342 - 332 B.C. 343 - 332 B.C. 31

Hellenistic Period

332 - 310 B.C. 332 - 305 B.C. 32
310 - 30 B.C. 305 - 30 B.C. 33

Roman Period

30 B.C. - A.D. 395 Not Given Not Given Roman

 

 

 

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